Advertising and marketing actions are actions a person or group undertakes to attain particular advertising and marketing outcomes.

There are in all probability as many advertising and marketing actions as there are advertising and marketing objectives. It’s laborious to guage these actions “as they’re” as a result of their effectiveness will depend on how they’re utilized and to which market.

But there are some actions that appear to face out from the remainder by bringing nice outcomes for a lot of firms and standing the take a look at of time.

On this article, I’ll present you 5 such advertising and marketing actions and 5 firms that examined them in real-life situations. Since every of these actions will be an article by itself (or a ebook), I’ll be specializing in explaining why they’re value your time.

Right here they are:

1. Discovering product-market match

Discovering product-market match (PMF) means ensuring a product can fulfill an present demand in a market with excessive potential. Principally, a telltale signal of attaining PMF is when persons are keen to purchase your product, actively use it, and advocate it to others.

Some might imagine that PMF is outdoors of promoting’s scope or that it’s irrelevant to advertising and marketing efficiency. However that can not be farther from the reality. There are two causes:

  1. With out market analysis, it’s unlikely an organization can construct a terrific product that solutions customers’ wants and needs.
  2. With out such a product, no advertising and marketing ways can generate ample demand to help the corporate.

It’s fairly apparent for those who have a look at it from the shopper’s viewpoint. An organization tries to promote a brand new sort of hydrogen automobile, however there are not any hydrogen stations close by. If that’s the case, what sort of advertising and marketing can persuade a buyer to purchase that automobile? That product simply gained’t match the market.

That’s the reason attaining PMF issues probably the most. With out it, you’ll be able to’t construct sustainable development, and scaling something merely gained’t make sense. You’ll simply waste your time and cash.

In different phrases, a PMF is to a enterprise what foundations are to a home. 

There are primarily 5 steps to attaining PMF. The core aspect of that five-step course of is constructing a minimal viable product (MVP).

An MVP is a “product growth” section during which you take a look at whether or not the core performance of your product can fulfill the market demand by interacting with actual customers.

That’s how Spotify began—a enterprise valued at $54 billion immediately.

As an alternative of going for a “large bang” launch with an ideal product that has all of the options individuals dream of, Spotify creators determined to construct an MVP and take a look at it much like how a scientist checks a speculation.

That is additionally how this metaphorical drawing got here to life, capturing the lesson from that course of.

So right here’s find out how to construct an MVP:

Translation: An MVP (or the “earliest testable/usable/lovable product,” because the illustrator of this image prefers to name it) is about providing the earliest model of a product that may fulfill customers’ wants and iteratively working your manner as much as one thing nice.

That is against delivering one thing nice one piece at a time.

In Spotify’s case, right here’s how the metaphorical skateboard seemed like:

This MVP was designed to check the thought of streaming music and its efficiency with shopper know-how.

The crew didn’t even run advanced market analysis to check these elements. Initially, crew members simply wanted some suggestions from household and pals. Afterward, they took that MVP to document labels and satisfied them to place music on the platform.


Discover the product market earlier than scaling some other operations. And that features advertising and marketing. The market all the time wins, and it can save you your self numerous money and time studying what it “needs” as quickly as attainable—simply as Spotify did.

2. Influencing phrase of mouth

Inspiring phrase of mouth refers to word-of-mouth advertising and marketing (WOMM), i.e., the method of influencing and inspiring pure discussions a few product, service, or firm. To place it merely, influencing phrase of mouth is about giving individuals a purpose to speak.

Simply so we’re on the identical web page, phrase of mouth isn’t some old style advertising and marketing idea. We’re speaking about current research proving the impact suggestions from family and friends have on shopper habits.

Additionally, let’s not neglect that the digital period has given us new, measurable types of phrase of mouth:

  • Conversations and shares on social media
  • Consumer critiques on websites like G2, Capterra, and many others
  • Consumer-generated content material about manufacturers and their merchandise (e.g., pictures on Instagram with a branded hashtag)

Phrase of mouth is a strong advertising and marketing channel which may be elusive. But it’s not completely uncontrolled. As a result of whereas entrepreneurs can’t management what individuals say about their manufacturers, they’ll encourage brand-related conversations and even suggestions.

It boils right down to delighting customers with the product and spreading constructive experiences.

And it’s value it. Many firms have used that channel to develop and maintain their enterprise: Tesla, Github, Evernote, Uber, and many others. There are too many to say. In reality, constructive phrase of mouth is likely one of the indicators of attaining PMF, as mentioned within the part above.

Luckily, we are able to communicate from our personal expertise right here. Ahrefs is an eight-figure ARR firm, and phrase of mouth is one in all our prime three buyer acquisition channels.

So how can we affect phrase of mouth? A very powerful part is the product. For many individuals, Ahrefs is the go-to toolset for search engine optimization. Some prefer it sufficient to say issues such as:

Quote from customer saying they'd quit if Ahrefs didn't exist

That’s why we by no means cease enhancing Ahrefs. Individuals see that and admire our effort sufficient to advocate our instruments to others:

And for those who’ve bought a fancy product like ours, you additionally must put numerous effort into educating your viewers. And that’s what we do with articles and movies on this weblog, on our YouTube channel, and in our Academy. Most of these content material are additionally a tried-and-tested method to encourage some phrase of mouth:

This brings us to creating constructive experiences by way of advertising and marketing. They captivate your prospects and followers and assist guarantee these experiences shall be shared.

One instance of that is handing individuals free swag:

Gestures like this could later be observed by essential blogs in a specific area of interest and talked about in social media conversations:

Additionally, doing one thing essential or extremely regarded by the audience can unfold fairly quick:


Phrase of mouth has been the important thing to success for a lot of firms. And it’s not a coincidence. Suggestions from prospects have their weight in gold, and the one “prices” are enhancing your product, educating your viewers about it, and leaving a hint of constructive experiences.

3. Growing a content material advertising and marketing machine

All entrepreneurs face the identical problem: find out how to appeal to individuals and convert them to prospects. After all, there isn’t any silver bullet for that. But when there’s one sort of promoting that comes shut, it’s content material advertising and marketing.

It is because content material advertising and marketing can do these three issues, amongst others:

  1. Drive the complete advertising and marketing funnel
  2. Deliver compounding outcomes
  3. Reinforce itself

Let’s break it down utilizing Ahrefs’ content material advertising and marketing machine for example.

By driving the complete advertising and marketing funnel, we discover that our content material, within the type of weblog posts, movies, cheat sheets, and many others., can serve many alternative functions in terms of speaking with a audience.

For instance, a weblog article can generate consciousness by pulling individuals from a SERP to Ahrefs’ weblog.

One other piece of content material, e.g., a video, might present a step-by-step technique of fixing an search engine optimization downside, thus making individuals extra interested by Ahrefs’ product and ultimately keen to attempt it.

And it will get even higher. Typically, a single piece of content material can serve completely different phases of the funnel:

Table showing 4 questions with corresponding answers that are used to decide which stage(s) of the marketing funnel a blog article serves

Arguably, probably the most highly effective factor about such content material is its potential to drag individuals from search engines like google and yahoo like Google. This will translate into big quantities of natural site visitors and, in fact, appreciable enterprise potential.

Since natural search is an important advertising and marketing channel for us and for a lot of different companies, let’s see the way it works for Ahrefs in a nutshell:

  1. We create search engine optimization content material primarily based on search demand and the enterprise worth of a specific subject.
  2. Somebody searches for an answer to an search engine optimization or advertising and marketing downside by way of a search engine like Google.
  3. If our content material ranks excessive sufficient, they learn/watch our content material that reveals find out how to resolve the issue by our product.
  4. If the content material is convincing, it might make them wish to attempt our product.

Search demand and enterprise worth talked about within the first level are completely very important to the success of the entire operation. With out them, not sufficient individuals will discover our model by content material, and we gained’t be capable to function our product adequately.

This brings us to outcomes, or somewhat, the compounding outcomes of content material advertising and marketing. By the systematic publishing of content material, our weblog articles generate an estimated 326.7K visits per 30 days—and that’s from natural search alone.

Each new article we publish provides to that end result. And so, an article posted two weeks in the past will deliver new site visitors, including to the site visitors generated by a weblog submit we printed years in the past.

For instance, this text about prime Google searches was printed in 2017 and nonetheless generates site visitors.

Site Explorer overview of Top Google Searches (2021)

The third particular good thing about content material advertising and marketing is it has the flexibility to reinforce itself. Which means, it’s simpler to get outcomes the extra you do it as a result of each extra motion you are taking provides to the momentum.

Entrepreneurs name it the flywheel impact. The primary push is the toughest. However because the “wheel” builds momentum, that very same push will make the wheel spin lots sooner (i.e., take into consideration how a salad spinner works).

As an example, that is what occurs once you spend money on long-term content material advertising and marketing:

  1. In case your content material is sweet, individuals will advocate it, bringing in additional readers. Likelihood is, the identical individuals will come again to your weblog to learn your subsequent article.
  2. Now your readership is rising. Every new submit has a better potential viewers than the earlier one as a result of it borrows from the readership of previous articles and pulls new readers from SERPs.
  3. A brand new factor occurs. Somebody hyperlinks to your content material on their web site. Now you’re getting backlinks, that are, arguably, the principal rating issue. In consequence, your content material ranks increased on SERPs, thus bringing extra guests and constructing your authority on the subject (one other essential rating issue).
  4. As content material positive aspects hyperlinks and ranks increased, it will get much more hyperlinks, as extra persons are keen to hyperlink to a web page with the next rating.
  5. Now you’ll be able to hyperlink out of your previous content material to your new content material, passing on hyperlink fairness. Your content material then ranks increased and will get extra readers. These readers will deliver new readers and new hyperlinks. The cycle continues, and the flywheel positive aspects momentum. Let’s not neglect. New guests imply new potential prospects.

After all, it’s simpler stated than finished. However that is how content material advertising and marketing contributed to creating Ahrefs what it’s immediately. If you wish to be taught extra about constructing a content material advertising and marketing machine like ours, take a look at these guides:


Content material advertising and marketing is highly effective. It may possibly even perform as a standalone, self-sufficient advertising and marketing tactic. Content material means that you can appeal to new prospects, nurture your leads, and educate your prospects—typically even with the identical piece of content material. And it really works greatest once you do it with natural search in thoughts.

For those who ever questioned how a lot a neighborhood constructed round a model and its merchandise may very well be value to a enterprise, Adobe answered that in 2012 by buying Behance for about $150 million.

That’s how a lot Adobe, the creator of Photoshop, paid to “transplant” a platform that had gathered 1 million lively customers and generated 90 million venture views month-to-month.

So what sort of advantages might a neighborhood like Behance presumably supply to this software program big?

Primary: activating and retaining customers. Let’s give the ground to Heidi Voltmer, Adobe’s then product advertising and marketing director, to clarify why the corporate was in want of an answer like Behance:

Now we have instruments, we’ve got providers, and for those who’ve bought all these issues, you additionally want inspiration, it’s worthwhile to get that spark. … By bringing in Behance, we’re rounding out our providing and making this a one-stop vacation spot for inventive professionals.

Inspiring individuals to make use of a product (i.e., activating after which retaining customers) is a standard downside regarding productiveness instruments, and Adobe’s merchandise had been no exception.

Adobe had one of the best graphic design instruments at school however nonetheless lacked one thing that might make individuals use these instruments extra continuously and successfully.

A consumer neighborhood is a good answer for that. Every new venture uploaded to the platform can encourage a number of individuals to make use of Adobe’s merchandise and encourage them to add their very own work. This, in flip, enriches the platform with extra user-generated content material and doubtlessly evokes one other group of individuals.

And we’re speaking right here about an countless stream of user-generated content material:

Gif of scrolling through many photos

Quantity two: branding. Since Adobe now owns the platform, it could possibly insert its brand and pitch its merchandise in strategic locations. Listed below are a couple of examples, ranging from the welcome e mail:

Behance's welcome email

Whereas creating an account on Behance is free, Adobe tries to place customers on a conversion path ASAP. By clicking on the hyperlink within the picture above, customers are directed to a touchdown web page the place they’ll create a portfolio web page that comes free with Adobe’s Artistic Cloud paid answer:

Creative Cloud's paid plans

Then, on the Behance platform itself, there’s a complete lot of Adobe’s branding:

Behance platform showcasing Adobe Live's content
Behance platform showcasing Adobe's content

After we put it along with simply the natural site visitors this platform at the moment will get, we suspect that Behance is value much more than what Adobe paid for it.

For those who have a look at different branded communities, one can find different advantages of constructing them. Behance is an instance of a neighborhood targeted on showcasing work. However when a neighborhood is targeted on conversations and sharing concepts a few product, this permits the model to:

  • Get high quality suggestions on new merchandise and options.
  • Acquire an extra advertising and marketing channel. Manufacturers can join with customers immediately on these platforms, and the messages can transcend the platform to spark phrase of mouth elsewhere (social media, boards, workplaces, and many others.).
  • Provide added worth to the services or products. For instance, if a consumer has an issue, a request, or an thought, they’ll get suggestions from different customers locally. 


For Adobe, a neighborhood linked to its model was value $150 million. And it’s not the one firm that has invested closely on this advertising and marketing asset. A branded neighborhood is usually a supply of many advantages. These embody giving an organization the flexibility to monetize site visitors, get helpful suggestions, and achieve a brand new, direct advertising and marketing channel.

5. Conducting market analysis

Market analysis is the method of gathering, analyzing, and deciphering details about a given market. That is how entrepreneurs supply essential knowledge for his or her advertising and marketing technique, e.g., insights about potential prospects, the competitors, and the trade tendencies.

The significance of market analysis is difficult to overestimate. Knowledge is energy, and it’s no completely different in terms of advertising and marketing.

In reality, I’ll put it this manner: Knowledge ought to be the start line of any decision-making. And for those who don’t have sufficient knowledge to make a transfer, your subsequent transfer ought to be to get knowledge.

Listed below are some fashionable strategies to attain that:

  • Interviews – Conduct face-to-face discussions together with your customers, potential prospects, and different individuals with perception into your market (e.g., distributors).
  • Surveys – Some of the fashionable and cost-effective market analysis strategies typically finished on-line. Surveys contain polling on issues like function desirability and consumer satisfaction.
  • Aggressive evaluation – By analyzing your rivals, you’ll be able to rapidly discover out what works in your market and what doesn’t. Additionally, rivals make a terrific benchmark.
  • Industrial knowledge – Suppose market stories and trade insights. You possibly can be taught issues like the scale of your market, market tendencies, and insights from individuals concerned in your trade.

We go into additional element in regards to the above and the instruments/sources you should utilize in our information on market analysis.

In terms of firms that owe their success to market analysis, LEGO is a very noteworthy instance. In one in all its analysis research, the corporate discovered that solely 9% of its customers are feminine. LEGO understood that it had addressed that market section fallacious for many years.

However since an issue is a chance in disguise, LEGO got down to uncover the way it might method that underserved market higher.

It rolled out a large examine involving 3,500 women and their moms to know the ladies’ taking part in habits. It took LEGO 4 years to finish the examine.

It discovered that women admire a distinct sort of taking part in expertise. Particularly, completely different sorts of situations (e.g., hair salons as an alternative of police stations), extra vibrant colours, and extra expressive collectible figurines than the LEGO classics. And so LEGO Associates was born in 2012.

Regardless of some criticism for the alleged reinforcing of gender stereotypes, the brand new product line turned an on the spot hit. Right this moment, LEGO Associates stays one of many greatest LEGO successes to date.

Within the 12 months the set launched, the corporate’s internet revenue rose 35%. And within the following years, Associates turned one of many prime 5 promoting LEGO themes. 


Whether or not you’re making an attempt to repair an issue in your advertising and marketing or searching for new alternatives out there, chances are high your solutions are already on the market. However you gained’t discover them till you attain for market analysis strategies—a lesson we are able to be taught from LEGO.

It’s value noting that market analysis doesn’t must be an enormous, costly venture. It will also be finished in a cheap, agile manner.

Beneficial studying: Market Analysis: What It Is and Tips on how to Do It

Ultimate ideas

I hope these 5 brief examples impressed you to refine your advertising and marketing technique. Seeing so many firms investing in these actions with nice outcomes, I feel entrepreneurs ought to both attempt them in some unspecified time in the future or have a very well-argued case for not doing them.

Naturally, these will not be the one efficient advertising and marketing actions on the market. Listed below are a couple of extra sources that function different advertising and marketing concepts and ways you’ll be able to draw inspiration from:

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